Chief characteristics of Malthusian theory of population growth are:
(i) Human population and means of subsistence tend to grow.
(ii) Human population tends to grow much faster rate than means of subsistence (i.e. food, clothing and other agro-products).
(iii) As growth of agricultural products is lower, it is surpassed by population growth besetting poverty.
(iv) Control on the growth of population is must for bringing in prosperity.
(v) The positive checks (i.e. famine, pestilence, epidemics) restore the balance between food supply and faster increase in population.