NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Social Science
Civics textbook of Class 9 is about democratic politics. All chapter revolves around the concepts of democracy through various examples so that you can understand its deeper meaning. Here, we have provided NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Social Science that are not so useful in terms of examination purpose however it is essential for checking your knowledge. These solutions will test your understanding of the chapter that you have read and your analytical thinking also. To view the solutions, you only need to click on the chapter name.
- NCERT Solutions of Chapter 1 What is Democracy? Why Democracy?
- NCERT Solutions of Chapter 2 Constitutional Design
- NCERT Solutions of Chapter 3 Electoral Politics
- NCERT Solutions of Chapter 4 Working of Institutions
- NCERT Solutions of Chapter 5 Democratic Rights
What is democracy? Why democracy?
Democracy is as said earlier is rule of people. Various definitions of democracy have been given great world leaders. Democracy is the most prevalent form of government in the world today and it is expanding to more countries. The chapter tells about features of democracy. The democracy is not just rule of people, but there should be a system in which people’s representative should have more roles in governance. There should be equal representation and no discrimination on the basis of class, culture, gender, caste and religion. The chapter distinguishes a democratic form of government from a non-democratic government. At last, the benefits and drawbacks of democracy are discussed in this chapter. The NCERT questions from the chapter are designed in such a way that will clear the concepts of students in comprehensive way.
The democratic form of government should functions in such a way that democracy is practiced not only in electing government but also in governance and important decision makings. That’s why it is important to make some guidelines to run government. Also, it should work under some checks. The government should not be allowed to take decisions which are not democratic in nature. Constitution is the set of rule which tells how democracy should be practiced in the country. The third chapter of NCERT textbook of Democratic Politics is chapter starts with the example of South Africa. It tells how South Africa after coming over apartheid, developed a constitution under Nelson Mandela, which is known as one of the best constitution in the world. It gave equal rights to blacks and white and didn’t punish white for their oppressions on blacks. We have to study about values of constitutions, its sources, and challenges involved in designing the Indian Constitution after Independence and about the constituent assembly.
Democracy, as discussed in first chapter is rule of people. But, how people should rule? Well, people rule through their representatives. They elect their representatives and the representatives rule and make laws for governance. The people elect people from their respective constituency.
The process of election in India is discussed. Three types of elections are carried out. They are general election, or Lok Sabha Election, State election and by-elections. The elections are carried out by independent body-The election commission of India. They impose code of conduct where elections are carried out. The general and state elections take place after 5 years. By election takes place when a constituency is vacant in mid –term.
The election carried out in India is free and fair. Every citizen, above 18 years have right to vote. This is the concept of Universal adult Franchises. Also, every citizen above 25 years old can contest election except some rare case (example- criminal charges). Also, to have equal representation, some seats are reserved for Scheduled castes and tribes.
There are drawbacks of elections but still it is the best way to execute democracy.
Working of Institutions
Democracy is carried out by set of institutions like legislature, executive and judiciary. Governance is done within an institutional framework. This chapter is about the working of such institutions in a democracy. The constitution has given some powers to each of them. The check and balances are made by constitution to ensure smooth function of institutions. The basic objective of the fourth Chapter of Democratic Politics book of class 9 is to understand how all these institutions together carry on the work of government. The chapter starts with the case study of implementation of recommendation of Mandal Commission regarding OBC reservations. By this, we can look for the role of each institution working on implementation.
The above chapters say how governance is practiced in democratic form of government. The above chapters were focused on governance. The chapter is about people. The constitution of India has given six fundamental rights to its citizens. Every citizen have these rights. Rights are claims of a person over other fellow beings, over the society and over the government. A They include Right to Equality, Right to freedom, Right against exploitation, Educational and Cultural rights, Right to constitutional remedies. Every citizen of India can practice them. If violation is done, that would be an punishable offence. These rights are fundamental principle behind democracy. The last chapter of NCERT textbook starts with some examples where human rights were violated.