Colonial period is worked out roughly of 150 years from 1800 to 1947 CE. Following changes took place in this social institution i.e. caste system:
(i) Today’s caste is actually the product of colonial period more than of ancient Indian tradition.
(ii) British administrators intended to know the complexities of caste in order to learn a viable methodology to rule over India.
(iii) In the first census conducted in 1860, they enlisted and collected data on caste-wise population.
(iv) This kind of direct attempt to count caste and to officially record caste status had changed the caste system itself.
(v) Caste-dimensions were made basis for different schemes hence, these efforts from the British gave birth to discrimination between several castes and sub-castes.
Thus, a fundamental change took place in caste system during colonial period.