Reasons for the setback of the Family planning programme during Emergency:
(i) Introduction of a coercive programme of mass sterilization.
(ii) A vast number of mostly poor and powerless people were forcibly sterilized. Sterilization refers to medical procedures like a vasectomy for men and tubectomy for women which prevent conception and childbirth.
(iii) There was massive pressure on lower level government officials (school teachers or office workers) to bring people for sterilization in the family planning camps; that were organized specially for this purpose.
(iv) However, There was widespread popular opposition to the programme. Ultimately, this programme was abandoned by the new government elected after the Emergency.