The group structure develops as the members start to interact with each other. The three elements of the group structure are as follows:
- Roles: Roles are socially defined expectations that individuals in a given situation are expected to fulfil. Roles refer to the typical behaviour that depicts a person in a given social context.
- Norms: Norms are expected standards of behaviour and beliefs established, agreed upon, and enforced by group members. They may be considered as a group’s “unspoken rules”.
- Cohesiveness: Cohesiveness refers to togetherness, binding, or mutual attraction among group members. As the group becomes more cohesive, group members start to think, feel and act as a social unit, and less like isolated individuals.