A group may be defined as an organized system of two or more individuals, who are interacting and interdependent, who have a common motive, have a set of role relationships among its members.
Four stages of Group information are:
- Forming: First stage of the group is forming. When group members first meet, there is a great deal of uncertainty about the group, the goal and how it is to be achieved. People try to know each other and assess whether they will fit in. There is excitement as well as apprehensions.
- Storming: Second stage of the group is storming. There is a stage of intragroup conflict which is referred to as storming. In this stage, there is conflict among members about how the target of the group is to be achieved, who is to control the group and its resources, and who is to perform what task. When this stage is complete some sort of hierarchy of leadership in the group develops and a clear vision as to how to achieve the group goal.
- Norming: This is the third stage of the group. The storming stage is followed by another stage known as norming. Group members by this time develop norms related to group behaviour. This leads to the development of a positive group identity.
- Performing: This is the fourth stage of the group. At this level, the structure of the group has evolved and is accepted by group members. The group moves towards achieving the group goal.