This report tells that tribal identity is at rise as manifested from the movements by them in many parts of India. This identity has been developed mainly during to encroachment by government and some major industrial houses in forests i.e. their original habitats in the name of schemes for tribal development and their realisation of ethnic. Cultural identity. A middle class has been developed within tribal community due to propagation of modern education, occupations and reservation policies. With the emergence of that middle class, issues of culture, tradition, livelihood, control over land and resources and demands for a share in the benefits of projects of modernity, have become an integral part of the articulation of identity among the tribes. Thus, a new consciousness can be seen taking its birth within the tribal communities.