Successes and Achievements of family planning programme:
(i) Population dynamics is a significant matter, therefore to counter and control the increasing population, India has become the first country to explicity declare such a policy in 1952.
(ii) The broad objectives of the National Family Programme are to try to influence the rate and pattern of population growth in socially desirable directions.
(iii) The most important objective was to slow down the rate of population growth through the promotion of various birth control methods, improve public health standards, and increase public awareness about population and health issues. Over the past half-century or so, India has many significant achievements to her credit in the field of population.
Failures of family planning programme:
(i) The Family Planning Programme suffered a setback during the years of the National Emergency (1975-76). Normal parliamentary and legal procedures were suspended during this time and special laws and ordinances issued directly by the government (without being passed by Parliament) were in force.
(ii) During this time the government tried to intensify the effort to bring down the growth rate of population by introducing a coercive programme of mass sterilization. There was widespread popular opposition to this programme, and the new government elected after the Emergency abandoned it.
(iii) The National Family Planning Programme was renamed as the National Family Welfare Programme after the Emergency, and coercive methods were no longer used.